Saving energy and water/ studying environment (anglų kalbos įskaitos tema) Nr.2


The world – having all countries ( world) in mind, taking a global look at the environmental problems and economic development.
Economic development – industralization, transition from an agricultural society to one based on industry.
Limit – limit the growth of economic factories both in developed and developing world up to the level of society”s basic needs.

My goal in limiting economic development and protecting the environment is stability.

Both environmental and economic situations are not stable enough now. Because of industry there is overuse of natural resources such as natural gas, coal, petroleum. This overproduction causes environmental problems such as depletion of natural resources, the overuses of electricity causes air pollution, which has an impact on ozone layer and climate change.
The overproduction of goods is caused because of market economy. In market economy the more production you produce the lower the prices become. The goal of market economy is profit; so we have this overproduction.
I understand the ecological problems exist. And I wouldn’t like to argue how big they are or what impact they might have in the future. But as I’m seeking for stability, I don’t want to let those problems increase.
And to achieve this goal I’ll offer a plan. As the economic and environmental situations are different in various countries, I’ll divide the world into two parts.
First of all I’ll explain you how it should be set in developed countries. Second of all I’ll explain how it should be set in developing countries. And the third thing I’ll do, I’ll be explaining consequences and advantages of the plan.
Developed countries
In developed countries there is a huge overuse of production so I offer to make regulations and restrictions in oder to limit the overuse of the production. Though these restrictions should not be too drastic, for the ecological situation in the developed countries is not critical, but it’s still not good and stable. We all know that there laws in the developed countries in oder to protect the environment but they don’t work enough. Most of the conferences taken are just theories, for they haven’t made any regulations in oder to protect the environment. As an example the Kyoto Summit (1992) which decided to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2,5% by the year 2005 but nothing has been done recently. Earth Summit (Rio de Janeiro 1992), Orchus Convention (Denmark 1998), the Conference of London 1999: all of them didn’t do enough as I don’t consider only discussing environmental problems to be enough. I’m offering to create laws and regulations through governments.
Developing countries
Also new laws and regulations should be worked out in oder to protect the developing countries from the old technologies that the developed countries provide the with. Old technology causes the pollution which damages the environment. So setting these laws we’ll limit the import of old technologies and that’s already limiting of economy. And this will make the situation stable between economy and environment.
My conclusion has to follow I understand that my plan will not solve all the environmental problems but my goal is to keep the situation stable, it’s just the first step. We will not have overproduction in developed countries, we’ll have modern technologies in developing countries and they have higher needs. I’d like to name the advantages of my plan. We’ll not have big job losses, which deal with social and economic problems, because everything will be doing gradually in oder to achieve stability.
There are examples of saving both nature and money.
In a world of change not everyone can remain advantaged (Timothy Wirth the U.S. Undersecretary of State for Global Affairs).